Category: Uncategorized

The Changing Role Of Libraries In The Information Age

Libraries have always been a vital part of our society, but their role has changed dramatically in the information age. With so much information available online, many people believe that libraries are no longer necessary. However, this is not the case. Libraries still play a vital role in our society, and they are more important than ever before.

One of the most important roles that libraries play is providing access to information. In the information age, it is more important than ever for people to have access to information. Libraries provide this access by offering free internet access and by providing computers and other resources that people can use to find information.

Libraries also play an important role in education. They offer educational programs for all ages, and they provide a place for students to do research and study. In addition, libraries offer books and other materials that can help students learn new subjects and improve their academic skills.

Libraries also provide a valuable service to businesses. They offer meeting spaces for business groups, and they provide resources that businesses can use to research new products and services. In addition, libraries often partner with local businesses to offer discounts and other benefits to library patrons.

Finally, libraries play an important role in our community. They are places where people can come to socialize, learn new things, and find help and assistance. Libraries offer a variety of programs and services that can benefit everyone in the community.

Libraries are more important than ever before, and they will continue to play a vital role in our society. They provide access to information, educational opportunities, and valuable resources for businesses and communities. If you have not been to a library lately, be sure to visit one soon!

Best Books About Table Tennis

Table Tennis is underrated and quite frankly overlooked sport. But to the players, coaches, and other fans alike, it is a major and oftentimes, influential part of their lives. And for as long as recorded history, whenever you want to know more about a certain subject or variety of subjects, the best way to do that is to read a book (or several) about it. If you’re a table tennis enthusiast like any in the world, or if you’re just a curious onlooker, here’s a composed list of a few of many of the best books about table tennis found in some local libraries.

100 Days of Table Tennis

100 Days of Table Tennis by Samson Dubina is a calendar-based improvement guide to sharpen your skills in table tennis. Dubina is a professional who is willing to pass on the knowledge, skills, and techniques that he acquired over the course of his own career to anyone who wants to learn and grow Everything from different strokes to complete training exercises is included and covered every day for 100 days.

Get Your Game Face On Like The Pros!
This book by Dora Kurimay takes on a more mental and almost philosophical approach to table tennis. In doing so, it provides a program regulation that applies not only at the table but off the table. This book addresses the psychological aspects of the sport that adds a much-needed balance when coupled with other physical improvements. Breaking 2000 Breaking 2000 by Alex Polyakov details his journey on achieving his goal of reaching a United States Table Tennis Association rating of 2000 points. There is much to be learned from his story and account of the trials he faced and many players face in their career It is especially aimed at players who would relish in achieving the same goal.

Table Tennis Tactics for Thinkers
What the book is about and who it’s for is all right in the title. But to expand, Table Tennis Tactics for Thinkers by Larry Hodges is another book that works more on a mental side of things. By applying the tactics mentioned in this book to the techniques and training you’ve learned from other sources, it will be the icing on the cake for any table tennis player It is a more than necessary read for any table tennis player seriously interested in winning. Bounce, The Myth of Talent and the Power of Practice This book by Matthew Syd is arguably the most popular table tennis book of all time. It is an essential read when it comes to finding out what it takes to be a champion. It is not only crucial to understanding the game from a players perspective, but also mindset altering to coaches as well.y yourself.

Best Books About Table Tennis

In modern table tennis, there are five basic types of rubber
backside soft anti spin grass without sponges grass with a sponge Backside
Backside consists of a spongy substrate and rubber with pimples turned and glued to sponge. The outer surface of rubber is smooth, which basic characteristic is acceptability or coefficient of friction. The efficiency of this rubber depends on the thickness and hardness of the sponge. There are three main groups of backside rubber extremely acceptable rubber (fast), medium fast and slow. Very acceptable rubber is used in tangential strokes, or strokes with rotation. They are used by defending players in combination with a thin sponge because of the possibility of easier control of balls.

Soft is made of sponge and rubber affixed to the sponge which has pimples outward. Compared to ordinary rubber with pimples that were previously much more used, thanks to the sponge soft had an advantage and was significantly faster and the ball was better controlled. The basic attribute of soft rubber is that it is very quick and relatively little acceptable because of the small surface of pimples. Thanks to its low acceptability it is not very sensitive to the rotation. It is particularly suitable for fast attacking style without a lot of spins, and for the defensive style of play. It is used by players which are playing penholder style, attackers who play closer to the table. The intent of players who play with a soft rubber is to speed up the game, to make a backhand faster and unsettling.

Anti-spin is made of sponge and rubber with pimples facing the sponge, which is smooth outward. The outer layer of rubber is made of a material with a low coefficient of friction, so it is not acceptable. Initially, anti-spin was used for a defensive style of play, and later, because of its characteristics, has become an important concept in the offensive game. Almost all attackers are putting anti-spin rubber on the backhand. When playing backhand many attackers turn their racquet so that in one point they play backhand with backside and anti-spin that causes difficulties for opponents due to changes in rhythm and rotating balls.

Grass (with or without sponge)
The grass is rubber with long outward pimples that is attached to a spongy surface, or directly to a wood. The maximum allowed the length of pimples on the grass is 1.8 mm, with which is difficult to control the ball and the grass with shorter pimples (1.5 mm) has good control and weaker effect of this type of rubber For defense are used a defensive version of grasses, which have a relatively slow spongy surface, while for offensive grass are used faster sponges. The grass is elusive and it is not possible to give a stronger rotation because of its long pimples. The main role of grasses in the game is to facilitate the return of rotation of the opponent and to return the counter rotation. Rejected ball of grass has an irregular flight due to catapult effect of pimples which further interferes game of the opponent.

Canberra LODLAM minibar – Tuesday 27 March 2012

Australian politics might dominate the landscape in Canberra during the day and politicians swell the bars in the evening, but linked open data helps anyone to make good connections!

rain + night + driving | swirling thoughts | CC by-nc 2.0

The Canberra Linked Open Data – Libraries, Archives Museums (LODLAM) minibar will be held on Tuesday 27th March, 2012 from 5.30-6.30pm. We will meet in the Fellows Bar and Cafe, University House at the Australian National University.

Those local to Canberra and in the library, archives, museum and gallery world of metadata and web development, or gov2 enthusiasts or those attending the Australasian Digital Humanities 2012 conference may wish to find peers and interested in attending the lodlam minibar. The Fellows Bar at University House is about 5 minutes walk from the Shine Dome (where the conference is being held).

The event is a means to:

Get to know each other – let’s all get a drink from the bar and we do some introductions
Get some shared understanding – let’s collate some information about what people are doing, ask questions and do some quick brain storming
lodlam attendees may like to head out to dinner to continue the conversation about linked open data (and perhaps digital humanities use of LOD too) in smaller groups.


We had about 18 people gather together to talk linked open data – libraries, archives, museums. From University of Queensland, Anna Gerber and Kerry Kilner; from the Australian War Memorial Roby Van Dyk, Adam Bell, Liz Holcolmbe; from University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, Gavan McCarthy; from University of Western Sydney, Peter Sefton; from Deakin University, Deb Verhoeven; from Victoria University of Wellington, Sydney Shep; from Auckland War Memorial Museum, Russell Briggs; and last but definitely not least, Mia Ridge, PhD candidate from the Open University (UK).. and Oyvind Eide, PhD candidate at King’s College, London (UK). There were a handful of others, but I think the pong from the scratch and sniff ice cream stickers was affecting my capacity to memorise who was there… who I’ve missed, feel free to advise or correct me.

The upshot was, we shared our interest, questions, potential projects, desire to regroup again, so, here’s the takeaway:

A number of people in the group (from Australia) are working on the HuNI project (Humanities Networked Infrastructure) NeCTAR funded virtual laboratory project (which aims to start in May and goes for 2 years). Linked data is going to be a key aspect of this project. It is being led out of Deakin University.

There is another NeCTAR funded research tools project, Aust-ESE which will involve linked data, led out of University of Queensland.

Anna Gerber talked about how ITEE eResearch Group at University of Queensland has been focusing efforts around the use of RDF and linked data with their open annotation work.
Gavan McCarthy talked about how Melbourne eScholarship has been using linked data in their projects.
Peter Sefton talked about how he’s been interested and working with linked data in his application development work.

The Trans-Tasman ‘museums folks’ talked about an ongoing, and stronger collaboration around WWI data to enable them to contribute to centenary commemorations of WWI in 2014.

A Melbourne #lodlam date was set, 17th April, more information will be coming, check with @elyw or @elewhitworth for more information or watch for blog posts soon.

A Brisbane #lodlam date was mooted, 26th August, to time with a possible THATCamp, the 2012 International Council of Archives Congress check with @wragge and @annagerber for more information or watch for more blog posts soon.

A clear idea that a Sydney #lodlam event, late October/early November, to align with the eResearch Australasia 2012, and needs to have 3 sessions: a tech session, a content session, a mixed session, so that all parties (developer, scholar, collection manager, etc) can all get their heads around the work space. Check with @1n9r1d @dfflanders @richardlehane for more information or watch for more blog posts soon.

That’s all folks! See you at the next #lodlam Australian Style!


The International Linked Open Data in Libraries, Archives, and Museums Summit (“LOD-LAM”) will convene leaders in their respective areas of expertise from the humanities and sciences to catalyze practical, actionable approaches to publishing Linked Open Data, specifically:

Identify the tools and techniques for publishing and working with Linked Open Data.
Draft precedents and policy for licensing and copyright considerations regarding the publishing of library, archive, and museum metadata.
Publish definitions and promote use cases that will give LAM staff the tools they need to advocate for Linked Open Data in their institutions.
Where and when?

The LOD-LAM Summit will take place June 2-3, 2011 in San Francisco, CA.

How will the Summit be organized?

LOD-LAM will utilize the Open Space Technology meeting format, designed to give this group of expert innovators the time and space to freely identify and address as a group the most pressing issues related to forwarding Linked Open Data in libraries, archives, and museums. This format involves an initial session in which the participants collaboratively create the agenda for breakout sessions for the first day. Because the LOD-LAM Summit is action-oriented, a similar process happens on the second day, but with a focus on actionable items, documentation, and collaboration over the short term period of the next year. The meeting is based on the two primary principles of passion and responsibility: passion to jump in and play an active role; and responsibility to lead, and follow through with action. No papers will be submitted or read, no plenaries given, and everyone will participate.

In essence, Open Space puts a focus on convening passionate players across multiple disciplines to address one specific question or theme; in this case the question is “How do we expand international adoption of Linked Open Data amongst Libraries, Archives, and Museums.”

Is it open to all?

Unfortunately, we can only accommodate about 50 people, so we are seeking representative candidates from a broad range of institutions from around the world with diverse levels of leadership and technical expertise. We hope to hold future meetings at various locations around the world that will be open to more participants. All summit proceedings will be open and published in real time.

Who should attend?

The ideal candidate may be a programmer, administrator, lawyer, LAM professional, or any number of things, but will have at least a working understanding of Linked Open Data if not some direct experience with the technology or policies involved. Participants will have the authority in their position to implement policy or technology, or influence decision makers in their institution or sector. We’ll be looking for people that have organized others in their field around Linked Open Data and will have a wide sphere of influence. We seek to have at least 25% of participating institutions contribute to a working use case, so the ideal candidate will be able to contribute to that goal.

How much does it cost?

Thanks to the generous support of our funders and sponsors, there is no cost for attending the meeting. Limited travel grants will be available.

How do I apply?

We will be accepting applications beginning at 8am, PST February 1, 2011, and closing 5pm PST, February 28, 2011. Participants will be selected and notified by March 7, 5pm PST.

Who are the organizers?

Jon Voss (@jonvoss), Founder, LookBackMaps, principal organizer/facilitator.
Kris Carpenter Negulescu, Director of Web Group, Internet Archive, project manager

And special thanks to our Organizing Committee:
Lisa Goddard (@lisagoddard), Acting Associate University Librarian for Information Technology, Memorial University Libraries.

Martin Kalfatovic (@UDCMRK), Assistant Director, Digital Services Division at Smithsonian Institution Libraries and the Deputy Project Director of the Biodiversity Heritage Library.
Mark Matienzo (@anarchivist), Digital Archivist in Manuscripts and Archives at the Yale University Library.

Mia Ridge (@mia_out), Lead Web Developer & Technical Architect, Science Museum/NMSI (UK)
Tim Sherratt (@wragge), National Museum of Australia & University of Canberra
MacKenzie Smith, Research Director, MIT Libraries.
Adrian Stevenson (@adrianstevenson), Research Officer, UKOLN; Project Manager, LOCAH Linked Data Project.

John Wilbanks (@wilbanks), VP of Science, Director of Science Commons, Creative Commons.

Proposed: a 4-star classification-scheme for linked open cultural metadata

One of the outcomes of last week’s LOD-LAM Summit was a draft document proposing a new way to assess the openness/usefulness of linked data for the LAM community. This is a work in progress, but is already provoking interesting debate on our options as we try to create a shared strategy. Here’s what the document looks like today, and we welcome your comments, questions and feedback as we work towards version 1.0.



A 4 star classification-scheme for linked open cultural metadata

Publishing openly licensed data on the Web and contributing to the Linked Open Data ecosystem can have a number of benefits for libraries, archives and museums.

Driving users to your online content (e.g., by improved search engine optimization);
Enabling new scholarship that can only be done with open data;
Allowing the creation of new services for discovery;
Stimulating collaboration in the library, archives and museums world and beyond.
In order to achieve these benefits libraries, museums and archives are faced with decisions about releasing their metadata under various open terms. To be open and useful as linked data requires deliberate design choices and systems must be built from the beginning with openness and utility in mind. To be useful for third parties, all metadata made available online must be published under a clear rights statement.

This 4-star classification system arranges those rights statements (e.g. licenses or waivers) that comply with the relevant conditions (2-11) of the open knowledge definition (version 1.1) by order of openness and usefulness: the more stars the more open and easier the metadata is to used in a linked data context. Libraries, archives and museums wanting to contribute to the Linked Open Data ecosystem should strive to make their metadata available under the most open instrument that they are comfortable with that maximizes the data’s usefulness to the community..

Note: This system assumes that libraries, archives and museums have the required rights over the metadata to make it available under the waivers and licenses listed below. If the metadata you want to make available includes external data (for example vocabularies) you may be constrained by contract or copyright to release the data under one of the licenses below.

★★★★ Public Domain (CC0 / ODC PDDL / Public Domain Mark)

as a user:

metadata can be used by anyone for any purpose
permission to use the metadata is not contingent on anything
metadata can be combined with any other metadata set (including closed metadata sets)
as a provider:

you are waiving all rights over your metadata so it can be most easily reused
you can specify whether and how you would like acknowledgement (attribution or citation, and by what mechanism) from users of your metadata, but it will not be legally binding
This option is considered best since it requires the least action by the user to reuse the data, and to link or integrate the data with other data. It supports the creation of new services by both non-commercial and commercial parties (e.g. search engines), encourages innovation, and maximizes the value of the library, archive or museum’s investment in creating the metadata.

★★★ Attribution License (CC-BY / ODC-BY) when the licensor considers linkbacks to meet the attribution requirement

as a user:

metadata can be used by anyone for any purpose
permission to use the metadata is contingent on providing attribution by linkback to the data source
metadata can be combined with any other metadata set, including closed metadata sets, as long as the attribution link is retained
as a provider:

you get attribution whenever your data is used
This option meets the definition of openness, but constrains the user of the data by requiring them to provide attribution (in the legal sense, which is not the same as citation in the scholarly sense). Here, attribution is satisfied by a simple, standard Web mechanism from the new data product or service. By using standard practice such as a linkback, attribution is satisfied without requiring the user to discover which attribution method is required and how to implement it for each dataset reused. Note that there are other methods of satisfying a legal attribution requirement (see below) but here we propose a specific mechanism that would minimize the effort needed to use the data if the LAM community collectively agrees to it. Also note that even this simple (ideally shared) attribution method could prevent some applications of linked data if linkbacks are required by many datasets from many sources.

★★ Attribution License (CC-BY / ODC-BY) with another form of attribution

as a user:

metadata can be used by anyone for any purpose
permission to use the metadata is contingent on providing attribution in a way specified by the provider
metadata can be combined with any other metadata set (including closed metadata sets)
as a data provider:

you get attribution whenever your data is used by the method you specify
This option meets the definition of openness in the same way as the linkback attribution open, but requires the user to provide attribution is some way other than a linkback, as specified by the data provider. The provider could specify an equally simple mechanism (e.g. by retention of another field, such as ‘creator’ from the original metadata record) or by a more complex mechanism (e.g. a scholarly citation in a Web page connected to the new data product or service). The disadvantage of this option is that the user must discover what mechanism is wanted by the particular data provider and how to comply with it, potentially needing a different mechanism for each dataset reused. For large-scale open data integration (e.g. mashups) this option is difficult to implement.

★ Attribution Share-Alike License (CC-BY-SA/ODC-ODbL)

as a user:

metadata can be used by anyone for any purpose
permission to use the metadata is contingent on providing attribution in a way specified by the provider
metadata can only be combined with data that allows re-distributions under the terms of this license
as a provider:

you get attribution whenever your data is used
you only allow use of your data by entities that also make make their data available for open reuse under exactly the same license

This option meets the definition of openness but potentially limits reuse of data since if more than one dataset is reused and if each dataset has an associated Share-Alike license. Under an Share-Alike license, the only way to legally combine two datasets is if they share exactly the same SA license, since most SA licenses require that reused data be redistributed under exactly same license. If the source datasets had different Share-Alike licenses originally (e.g. CC-BY-SA and ODC-ODbl) then there is no way for the user to comply with the requirements of both source data licenses so this option only allows users to link or integrate data distributed under one particular SA license (or one SA license and any of the other license or waiver options above). In the LAM domain, where significant value is created by combining datasets, the Share-Alike license requirement severely reduces the utility of a dataset.

Related Material

  • Open Knowledge Definition
  • Principles on Open Bibliographic Data
  • Discovery Open Metadata Principles
  • Linked Open Data star scheme by example